IJAR Special Issue: Complexity, Patterns and Biophilia
Biophilic Design Patterns: Emerging Nature-Based Parameters for Health and Well-Being in the Built Environment
Vol 8, No 2 (2014)
Guest Editor: Nikos A. Salingaros
Chief Editor: Ashraf M. Salama
Collaborating Editors: Farzad Pour Rahimian, Remah Y. Gharib
Catie Ryan, Bill Browning, Joe Clancy, Scott Andrews, Namita Kallianpurkar
Abstract - Biophilic Design Patterns
This paper carries forth the conceptual framework for biophilic design that was first laid out by Cramer and Browning in Biophilic Design (2008), which established three categories meant to help define biophilic buildings – Nature in the Space, Natural Analogues and Nature of the Space – and a preliminary list of “biophilic conditions”. New research and insights from the neurosciences, endocrinology and other fields have since helped evolve the scientific basis for biophilic design. This paper begins to articulate this growing body of research and emerging design parameters in architectural terms, so that we may draw connections between fields of study, highlight potential avenues for future research, evolve our understanding of biophilic design patterns, and capture the positive psychophysiological and cognitive benefits afforded by biophilia in our design interventions.
Seven patterns are discussed:
- Visual Connection with Nature
- Non-Visual Connection with Nature
- Access to Thermal & Airflow Variability
- Presence of Water
- Complexity & Order
Ryan, Catherine O., William D. Browning, Joseph O. Clancy, Scott L. Andrews, and Namita B. Kallianpurkar. “Biophilic Design Patterns: Emerging Nature-Based Parameters for Health and Well-Being in the Built Environment.” Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, vol. 8, issue 2 (2014): 62-76.
ArchNet-IJAR is a scholarly, interdisciplinary open-access journal for architectural, planning and built environment studies. The MIT published journal attempts to connect theoretical exploration to practical application within these fields.