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IJAR Special Issue: Complexity, Patterns and Biophilia

Biophilic Design Patterns: Emerging Nature-Based Parameters for Health and Well-Being in the Built Environment

Vol 8, No 2 (2014)

Issue Editors

Guest Editor: Nikos A. Salingaros
Chief Editor: Ashraf M. Salama
Collaborating Editors: Farzad Pour Rahimian, Remah Y. Gharib

Terrapin Authors

Catie Ryan, Bill Browning, Joe Clancy, Scott Andrews, Namita Kallianpurkar


Abstract - Biophilic Design Patterns

This paper carries forth the conceptual framework for biophilic design that was first laid out by Cramer and Browning in Biophilic Design (2008), which established three categories meant to help define biophilic buildings – Nature in the Space, Natural Analogues and Nature of the Space – and a preliminary list of “biophilic conditions”. New research and insights from the neurosciences, endocrinology and other fields have since helped evolve the scientific basis for biophilic design. This paper begins to articulate this growing body of research and emerging design parameters in architectural terms, so that we may draw connections between fields of study, highlight potential avenues for future research, evolve our understanding of biophilic design patterns, and capture the positive psychophysiological and cognitive benefits afforded by biophilia in our design interventions.

Seven patterns are discussed:

  • Visual Connection with Nature
  • Non-Visual Connection with Nature
  • Access to Thermal & Airflow Variability
  • Presence of Water
  • Complexity & Order
  • Prospect
  • Mystery

Table of Contents

Original Research Articles

GUEST EDITORIAL: COMPLEXITY, PATTERNS, AND BIOPHILIA (5-7)
Nikos A. Salingaros

UNDERSTANDING COMPLEXITY THROUGH PATTERN LANGUAGES IN BIOLOGICAL AND MAN-MADE ARCHITECTURES (8-19)
Ramray Bhat

COUNTING URBAN CARBON: EFFECTIVE MODELING OF RESOURCE-EFFICIENT URBAN DESIGN DECISIONS UNDER UNCERTAIN CONDITIONS (20-35)
Michael W. Mehaffy

A CASE AGAINST THE MODERNIST REGIME IN DESIGN EDUCATION (36-46)
Jan Michl

MUSEUM OF ART VERSUS THE CITY AS A WORK OF ART: A Case of the New Acropolis Museum in Athens (47-61)
Martin Horacek

BIOPHILIC DESIGN PATTERNS: Emerging Nature-Based Parameters for Health and Well-Being in the Built Environment (62-76)
Catherine O. Ryan, William D. Browning, Joseph O. Clancy, Scott L. Andrews, Namita B. Kallianpurkar

BREAKING SYMMETRIES AND EMERGING SCALING URBAN STRUCTURES: A Morphological Tale of 3 Cities: Paris, New York and Barcelona (77-93)
Serge Salat, Loeiz Bourdic, Françoise Labbe

Review Papers

LIFE IN DESIGN: CHRISTOPHER ALEXANDER AND THE NATURE OF ORDER (94-98)
James Kalb

A FULL HOUSE (99-106)
Jaap Pelgrim Dawson


About IJAR

ArchNet-IJAR is a scholarly, interdisciplinary open-access journal for architectural, planning and built environment studies. The MIT published journal attempts to connect theoretical exploration to practical application within these fields.

 

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Contribution

IJAR Special Issue: Complexity, Patterns and Biophilia

Biophilic Design Patterns: Emerging Nature-Based Parameters for Health and Well-Being in the Built Environment

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